National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) System Report, data summary from January 1992 through June 2004, issued October 2004. Am J Infec Control. 2004; 32:470-485. 2.
Haley, RW, Hooton TM, Culver DH, et al. Nosocomial infections in U.S. hospitals, 1975-1976: estimated frequency by selected characteristics of patients. Am J Med. 1981; 70:947-959. 3.
Haley RW, Culver DH, White JW, et al. The nationwide nosocomial infection rate: a new need for vital statistics. Am J Epidemiol. 1985; 121:159-167. 4.
Umscheid C, et al. Mortality from reasonably-preventable hospital-acquired infections: a preventable epidemic, chaired by Henry A. Waxman, April 16, 2008, Washington, DC. [Congressional testimony]. 5.
Krein SL, Kowalski CP, Hofer TP, et al. Preventing hospital-acquired infections: a national survey of practices reported by U.S. hospitals in 2005 and 2009. J Gen Intern Med. 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22143455
. Accessed January 5, 2012. 6.
Saint S, Lipsky BA. Preventing catheter-related bacteriuria: Should we? Can we? How? Arch Intern Med. 1999;159(8):800-808. 7.
Cox CE. Nosocomial urinary tract infections. Urology. 1988;32(3):210-215. 8.
Klevens, RM, et al, Estimating Health Care-Associated Infections and Deaths in US Hospitals, 2002, Public Health Reports, March-April 2007, Vol. 122, 160-166. 9.
Saint S, Kowalski CP, Kaufman SR, Hofer TP, Kauffman CA, et al. Preventing Hospital-Acquired Urinary Tract Infection in the United States: A National Study. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2008: 46; 243-56. 10.
Laupland KB, Bagshaw SM, Gregson DB, Kirkpatrick AW, Ross T, Church DL. Intensive Care Unit — Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in a Regional Critical Care System. Critical Care. 9:R60-5. 11.
Moore DA, Edwards K. Using a portable bladder scan to reduce the incidence of nosocomial urinary tract infections. Medsurg Nurs. 1997;6(1):39-43.